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  • Use of Polyethylene Spheres for Analyzing Microplastic Transport in Correlation with Earthworm Presence

    Work by Matthias C. Rillig, Lisa Ziersch, and Stefan Hempel at Freie Universität and Brandenburg Institute of Advanced Biodiversity Research in Berlin has been published in an article titled Microplastic transport in soil by earthworms. This article investigates earthworms effect on microplastic movement into subsurface soil layers.

    Polyethylene Microplastic

    With the increase in plastic usage in recent decades the issue of how this discarded plastic will affect marine environments has been studied extensively. However, effects of microplastics on soil environments have not been tested to the same extent. Scientists have begun testing microplastic movement into lower soil layers by analyzing how differing sized polyethylene beads moved in a 21-day period with and without earthworm facilitation.

    The experiment was designed to confirm the assumption that earthworms would aid in particle movement. Results found earthworms to have a significant positive effect on transporting polyethylene particles from the soil surface. While particle size was also an important factor on the level of transportation into subsurface environments. With polyethylene spheres in the size range 710-850um being significantly more likely to move into the lowest layer when earthworms were present.

    With this experiment showing the ability of earthworms to transport microplastics into subsurface layers more research needs to be done to determine the effects this may have on the soil environment and the worms themselves. Including the multitude of other organisms that could also facilitate similar transportation. As well as the possibilities of microplastics reaching ground water where problems similar to those realized in marine systems could occur.

  • Neutrally Buoyant in Water – Microspheres with Specific Gravity of 1g/cc

    Cospheric offers polymer microspheres with specific gravity of 1g/cc are specifically designed to match the density of water for optimal suspension of particles. Suspension of microspheres in water enables the visualization and characterization of fluid flow and testing the capability of devices to withstand particulate matter in the fluid stream, ensuring that microspheres do not settle and do not float on the surface.  Most of these polymer microspheres are at least moderately opaque and clearly visible in water, clear or translucent liquids.

    Many Colors are available in sizes from 10um up to 1180um,  of polyethylene microspheres are available with specific density of 1g/cc, designed for optimum suspension in water for fluid flow visualization.  Colors include Violet, Orange, Yellow, Fluorescent, Grey, Pink, Blue, and many fluorescent colors.

    600-710um violet PE microspheres250-300um ORANGE PE Microspheresblue microspheres 355-425um Yellow microspheresGrey Microspheres PE

  • Phosphorescent Microspheres – Long Afterglow Particles

    Phosphorecent Beads - Yellow Green Afterglow Spheres

    Phosphorecent Beads - Yellow Green Afterglow

    Phosphorescent microspheres in particle sizes 10 to 600 microns are now available from Cospheric LLC. These phosphorescent particles are 90% spherical and appear to be off-white under ordinary daylight or regular room illumination.  However, when the lights are turned off these phosphorescent particles exhibit phosphorescent yellow-green after-glow.

    The spheres have tight particle size distributions and are > 90% within size range.  Polymer spheres that incorporate proprietary phosphorescent ingredient have a melting point of 115°C , and are mechanically stable past 90°C.  Phosphorescent beads are also inert in most solvents.

    Phosphorescent Decay CurveIntensity of Phosphorescent Afterglow:

    Intensity according to DIN 67510-1

    800 mcd/m2 at 1 minute
    180 mcd/m2 at 5 minutes
    90 mcd/m2 at 10 minutes
    12 mcd/m2 at 1 hour
    5 mcd/m2 at 2 hours

    Excitation and Phosphorescent Emission Curve:
    Excitation and Emission Spectra

  • Solid Red Polyethylene Microspheres Announced

    Solid Red Polyethylene microspheres 250-300umSanta Barbara, CA –  May 28, 2010 – Cospheric LLC is now offering a product line of solid red polyethylene microspheres in particle size ranges from 10um to 1000um (1mm).

    Offering a bright red color.  These microspheres can be used as additives in personal care products, or in fluid flow visualization experiments.  Samples are in stock and ready to ship to customers for R&D use of product evaluation.  These high quality microspheres are specified to be greater than 90% spherical, and greater than 90% in the specified size range.

    Sample Density is 0.98g/cc (Custom densities are available)

    Spherical Particle sizes include:

    10-27um, 27-32um (30 micron), 32-38um (35 micron), 38-45um (40 micron), 45-53um (50 micron), 53-63um (60 micron), 63-75um (70 micron), 75-90um (80 micron), 90-106um (0.1mm), 106-125um, 125-150um, 150-180um, 180-212um (0.2mm), 212-250um (0.25mm), 250-300um (0.3mm), 300-355um (0.35mm), 355-400um (0.4mm), 400-500um (0.5mm), 500-600um (0.6mm), 600-710um (0.7mm), 710-850um (0.8mm), 850-1000um (0.9mm).

  • Microspheres for Coatings Applications (Opaque Polyethylene)

    Microspheres are well known in the coatings industry for their use as low-surface-area fillers that offer benefits in viscosity and density control, solids content, application and flow characteristics.

    Hemispherically Coated Spheres

    Cospheric LLC, a Santa Barbara-based microtechnology company, recently launched a line of opaque polyethylene microspheres that act as a superior opacifying agent and provide maximum hiding power with just one monolayer of microspheres as small as 40 microns in diameter. Microspheres are manufactured in any color imaginable and even in combinations of two differently colored hemispheres. Continue reading “Microspheres for Coatings Applications (Opaque Polyethylene)” »