Spherical Particle Shape of Viruses and Droplets: Due to the global pandemic, there has been a big focus on Coronavirus research and a lot of pressure for researchers and scientists to understand how Coronavirus spreads, as well as how we can effectively stop that spread by implementing effective cleaning protocols, prevention of respiratory droplets traveling, … Read more
What is the density of material? Before we start talking specifically about measuring the density of powders, let’s look at the concept of measuring density in general. What does “density” mean? According to Encyclopedia Britannica, density is defined as mass of a unit volume of a material substance. The formula for density of a substance … Read more
When is the density of microspheres important? Density of microspheres controls the buoyancy of each particle and its behavior in a system or process. Let’s look at three scenarios: (1) suspension of microspheres in a specific fluid, (2) fluid flow, performing flow visualizations, or particle image velocimetry, and (3) simulation or modeling of objects with specific density.
Fortunately, there is a simple way to overcome the hydrophobic effect. It is called a surfactant, a detergent, or simply ?soap.? Surfactant is a magical molecule that has both hydrophobic and hydrophilic properties, which coats the particles and helps them mix into water. The same mechanism applies when we use soap to wash greasy dishes or stained clothes.
Density of particle vs. density of fluid in particle image velocimetry: Many flow visualization experiments are done in water but there are a variety of other liquids and even water-based solutions that will have differing densities whose velocity fields are being mapped or will be in the future. Therefore, having seed particles to match these … Read more
Particle size: Particle size is connected to many of the other parameters of seed particles in a PIV system. With size affecting visibility, flow conformity, and being integral in relation to pixel size. A rough number for ideal particle size is 1-100um though sizes in the nm and mm?s have been used for certain PIV … Read more
PIV is a vast field with varying techniques and differing areas of research. Techniques vary from 2D PIV, only viewing velocity in a plane of the fluid system, to high speed TOMO PIV which views a 3D area of fluid and can be time resolved allowing for acceleration data to also be obtained. Another difference … Read more
Cospheric’s neutrally-buoyant highly charged yellow microspheres have a strong negative charge and are used by scientists in medical technology, biotechnology, applied physics and research. Precise particles with known density of 1.0g/cc that behave in a known way are useful as a model particles in simulation experiments.? Particles in a range of diameters from 5micron to … Read more
Flow Visualization can best be accomplished with colored or fluorescent tracing particles of the same density as the fluid being studied. Very bright fluorescent micro-particles are available in densities of 1g/cc these offer not only bright testing under daylight conditions, but also the option of illumination with lasers or uv lights for increased system contrast.