Are Microplastics Toxic to the Environment? Literature Review

Are Microplastics Toxic? Effects of Microplastics on the Environment

What are microplastics? Microplastic (MP) is a broad term used to describe microscopic plastics with sizes ranging from 1um to 5mm 1. Anything less than that can be considered nanoplastic (NP), which is also prevalent in the ocean. The shapes of microplastics can vary from fragments, fibers, pellets, film, and spheres2. The properties such as the size, shape, and…

Read more

Particle Dispersion Experiments in Plant Canopies

UV Fluorescent Microspheres

Fluorescent Microspheres in Particle Dispersion Experiment Fluorescent microspheres produced by Cospheric LLC were used as part of ongoing work to to conduct particle dispersion experiments in plant canopies and study the mechanisms of fungal epidemiology in vineyards. The University of Utah in collaboration with USDA Labs in Corvallis, OR performed five field particle dispersion campaigns in commercial vineyards in…

Read more

Microspheres in Drug Delivery Systems – 2 Essential Uses

Polystyrene Microspheres

Benefits of Microspheres in Drug Delivery There are numerous benefits of using microspheres in drug delivery due to their precise uniform dimensions, larger surface area per unit volume, as well as the ability to be surface-functioalized or loaded with active compounds and other additives. Typically microspheres in drug delivery are manufactured out of biodegradable materials such as PLGA, polylactic…

Read more

Use of Polyethylene Spheres to Study Effect of Microplastics Transport in Soil

Effect on Microplastics Transport

Despite great general benefits derived from plastic use, accumulation of plastic material in ecosystems, and especially microplastics, is becoming an increasing environmental concern. Microplastic has been extensively studied in aquatic environments, with very few studies focusing on soils. Overview of the study on microplastics transport in soil: Scientists tested the idea that microplastic particles (polyethylene beads) could be transported…

Read more

Neutrally Buoyant in Water – Microspheres with Specific Gravity of 1g/cc

Suspension of microspheres in water enables the visualization and characterization of fluid flow and testing the capability of devices to withstand particulate matter in the fluid stream, ensuring that microspheres do not settle and do not float on the surface. Most of these polymer microspheres are at least moderately opaque and clearly visible in water, clear or translucent…

Read more

Phosphorescent Microspheres – Long Afterglow Particles

Phosphorescent microspheres in particle sizes 10 to 600 microns are now available from Cospheric LLC. These phosphorescent particles are 90% spherical and appear to be off-white under ordinary daylight or regular room illumination.? However, when the lights are turned off these phosphorescent particles exhibit phosphorescent yellow-green after-glow. The spheres have tight particle size distributions and are > 90% within…

Read more

Microspheres for Coatings Applications (Opaque Polyethylene)

Microspheres are well known in the coatings industry for their use as low-surface-area fillers that offer benefits in viscosity and density control, solids content, application and flow characteristics. Cospheric LLC, a Santa Barbara-based microtechnology company, recently launched a line of opaque polyethylene microspheres that act as a superior opacifying agent and provide maximum hiding power with just one monolayer…

Read more

What is a Microsphere?

Microsphere is a term used for small spherical particles, with diameters in the micrometer range (typically 1?m to 1000?m (1mm)). Microspheres are sometimes referred to as microparticles.

Read more